自考00604《英美文学选读》复习要点—中英文对照(13)

原创 四川自考  时间:2022-10-20 08:10:54 阅读 133 次

第四章维多利亚时期

本章重点:

1. 批判现实主义的文学特点以及自然主义的衍生

2. 狄更斯,夏洛蒂和哈代的写作风格和特点

本章提示:

狄更斯的作品和写作风格容易出简答和论述题。

知识点1维多利亚时期时代背景

1. 维多利亚时期小说成为进步思想的重要表现形式。

2.维多利亚时期的诗歌特点:具有风格标新,表达立异的特点。

知识点:

1.In the Victorian Period,novel became the most widely read and themost vital and challenging expression of progressive thought.在维多利亚时期,小说最广泛的被人们阅读,并且成为对进步思想的最重要和具有挑战性的表现形式。

2. England was the “workshop of the world”, the early years was a time of rapid economic development as well as serious social problems and towards the mid-century, England had reached its highest point of development as a world power are characteristics of the Victorian period.维多利亚时期的时代特点是:英国成为“世界工厂”;早期既出现经济的快速发展,也带来严重的社会问题;在接近本世纪中叶,英国作为世界强国遥遥领先。

知识点2 查尔斯.狄更斯(人物描写)

知识点概览:

1. 查尔斯.狄更斯作品的批判现实主义思想主题及创作手法,艺术特色

2. 查尔斯.狄更斯《雾都孤儿》主题及故事情节及风格。

知识点:

1. Charles Dickens is one of the greatest critical realist writers of the Victorian Age.查理斯·狄更斯是维多利亚时期伟大的批判现实主义作家之一。他的早期作品有Oliver Twist, Nicholars Nickleby, The pickwick Paper, David Copperfield 等。

2. In Charles Dickens’ work Hard Times, the Utilitarian principle rules over the English education system and destroys young hearts and minds. 在狄更斯的作品《艰难时世》中,功利主义原则主导了英国教育体系并且摧毁了年轻人的心灵。

3. Dickens attacks the dehumanizing workhouse system and the dark,criminal underworld life in Oliver Twist. 狄更斯的《雾都孤儿》反映当时丧失人性的济贫院体系和黑社会犯罪。

4.Dickens’s first child hero is Oliver Twist. 狄更斯第一个儿童英雄是《雾都孤儿》中的奥利弗·特维斯特。

5. The most distinguishing feature of Charles Dickens’ works is character-portrayal.狄更斯的作品最显著的特点是人物描写。

6.Dickens’ best depicted charactersarethose innocent, virtuous, persecuted and helpless child characters, horrible and grotesque characters, broadly humorous or comical characters.狄更斯最善于描绘的人物有天真,善良,迫害和无助的孩子;恐怖和怪诞的人物;还有幽默或滑稽人物。(大题)

7.Charles Dickens’ works are characterized bya mingling of humor and pathos.狄更斯的作品还有一个特点,是将幽默与哀伤的泪水交汇起来。

8. InDickens’ later works: there arefewer jokes and the comedy becomes harsher; the novels are of great compactness and concentration; most of the works present a criticism of the more complicated and yet most fundamental social Institutions and morals of Victorian England.狄更斯后期的作品背景比较复杂;故事结构更紧凑。这一时期的大部分小说更加严厉的批判了更为复杂但最根基的社会机构和英国维多利亚时代的道德,这些作品包括《双城记》,《荒凉山庄》,《小多利特》,《艰难时世》和《远大前程》。早期的乐观情绪也不复存在。

9.InLittle Dorrit,one of Dickens’ later works, Dickenspresents a criticism of the governmental branches which run an indefinite procedure of management of affairs and keep the innocent in prison for life.在狄更斯后期作品《小多利特》中,他表达了对不遵循固定规章制度管理事务并把无辜者送进监狱的政府机构的批判。

问答题:

1.What are the characteristics of Charles Dickens’ character portrayal?

答案:

A. The child characters: innocent, virtuous, persecuted and helpless, such as Oliver Twist, Little Nell, David Copperfield…

B. Horrible and grotesque characters like Fagin, Bill Sikes, and Quilp…

知识点3 夏洛特.勃朗特(家庭女教师,《简爱》)

知识点概览:

1.夏洛特.勃朗特的主要作品,主题及创作风格

2.小说《简爱》主题思想与人物塑造,故事情节,选段及人物性格分析。

3.艾米莉·勃朗特的《呼啸山庄》也考查过简答题

知识点:

1.Charlotte Brontё’s Jane Eyre is noted for its sharp criticism of the existing society, e. g. the religious hypocrisy of charity institutions. 夏洛蒂·勃朗特《简爱》以对当时社会尖锐的批评而闻名于世,比如:慈善机构的宗教虚伪性。

2.“Do you think, because I am poor, obscure, plain, and little, I am soulless and heartless? ... And if God had gifted me with some beauty,and much wealth, I should have made it as hard for you to leave me, as it is now for me to leave you. ” The quoted lines are most probablytaken from Jane Eyre.“难道你认为,因为我一贫如洗,默默无闻,长相平平,矮小,我就没有灵魂没有心吗?...如果上帝赐予我一点姿色和充足的财富,我会让你难以离开我,就像现在我难以离开你一样。”以上引语出自《简爱》。夏洛蒂的第二部小说《简爱》问世后立即大获成功。

3. Charlotte Bronte’s autobiographical work Villette largely based on her experience in Brussels. 夏洛蒂·勃朗特的自传体作品《维莱特》主要是基于她在布鲁塞尔的经验。

4. The success of Jane Eyre is also due to its introduction to the English novelthe first governess heroine.《简爱》的成功在于首次把家庭女教师作为主角引入英国小说。

5. The works of Charlotte Bronteare famous for the depiction of the life of the middle-class working women, particularly governesses.夏洛特.勃朗特的小说以塑造中产阶级职业女性,尤其是家庭女教师形象而著称。

6. Charlotte Bronte’ s works are all about the struggle of an individual consciousness towards self-realization, about some lonely and neglected young women with a fierce longing for love, understanding and a full, happy life. 夏洛蒂的作品主题几乎都是个人自觉地为实现自我价值而奋斗,都是有关一些孤独而卑微的少女对爱情,理解与完整幸福的生活的强烈渴求。

话题讨论:

1. Make a comment on the character of Jane Eyre, the heroine of the novel by Charlotte Bronte. (2011.4)

答案:

A. Jane Eyre is an orphan child with a fiery spirit and a longing for love and be loved. (3 分)

B. She is a poor, plain, little governess who dares to love her master and cuts a completely new woman image. (3 分)

C. Jane Eyre represent those middle-class working women who are struggling for recognition of their basic rights and equality as a human being. (4 分) 语言错误酌情扣分。

文章标题:《自考00604《英美文学选读》复习要点—中英文对照(13)
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