自考00604《英美文学选读》复习要点—中英文对照(9)

原创 四川自考  时间:2022-10-20 08:10:07 阅读 106 次

第三章浪漫主义时期

本章重点:

1.浪漫主义时期的文学特点和成就

2.布莱克,华兹华斯和雪莱的诗歌以及奥斯丁的《傲慢与偏见》

本章提示:华兹华斯和奥斯丁是本章的重中之重。

知识点1 浪漫主义时期时代背景

1.浪漫主义时期的界定和历史文化背景

2.华兹华斯Lyrical Ballads的出版标志着英国文学的浪漫主义时期的开始

3.浪漫主义时期的主要诗人

知识点:

1.The major Romantic poets like Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron,Shelley and Keats started a rebellion against the neoclassical literature,which was later regarded as the poetic revolution. 反对新古典主义的运动被称为诗界革命。

2.In English Romantic period “Lake Poets” refers to Robert Southey,Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth. 英国浪漫主义时期湖畔诗人指:罗伯特.骚塞、柯尔律治和华兹华斯。

3.The major representatives of the poetic revolution in English Romantic period were Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth.英国浪漫主义时期诗歌革命的主要代表有柯尔律治和华兹华斯。

知识点2 威廉.布莱克(想象力,《天真之歌》、《经验之歌》)

知识点概览:

1.布莱克的主要作品及作者的创作思想;

2.《天堂与地狱的结合》的社会背景,内容和地位;

3.布莱克的两部诗集《天真之歌》和《经验之歌》的主题,社会意义以及其中《扫烟囱的小男孩》,《小羊羔》的选段赏析

知识点:

1.William Blake’s Marriage of Heaven and Hell composed during the climax of the French Revolution plays the double role both as a satire and a revolutionary prophecy. 威廉·布莱克在法国大革命的高潮期间创作的《天堂与地狱的结合》,扮演了讽刺和革命性预言的双重角色。

2.The “marriage,” to Black,means the reconciliation of the contraries,not the subordination of the one to the other. 婚姻对布莱克意味着矛盾的调和,而并非一方从属于另一方。

3. In Marriage of Heaven and Hell, William Blake explores the relationship of the contraries. Attraction and repulsion, reason andenergy, love and hate, are necessary to human existence.在《天堂与地狱的结合》中,威廉·布莱克探索了对立面之间的关系;吸引和排斥,原因和能量,爱与恨对人类的生存而言都是必要的。

4.William Blake’s Marriage of Heaven and Hell marks his entry into maturity.威廉·布莱克的《天堂与地狱的结合》,标志着他的作品进入成熟期。

5.William Blake’s central concern in the Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience is childhood, which gives the two books a strong social and historical reference. 布莱克的两部诗集《天真之歌》和《经验之歌》中的作品,大多涉及儿童的生活和经历,如《扫烟囱的小男孩》,《小羊羔》等。

6.William Blake’ s Songs of Experience paints a world of misery, poverty, disease, war and repressionwith a melancholy tone.威廉·布莱克第一本诗集《经验之歌》以一种忧郁的语气描绘了一个充满悲伤,贫穷,疾病,战争与压迫的世界。

7.The work Songs of Innocence by William Blake is a lovely volume of poems, presenting a happy world, though not without its evils and sufferings. 威廉·布莱克的《天真之歌》是一部诗集,呈现了一个虽然也不乏邪恶和痛苦,但是依然幸福的世界。

8. The declaration that “I know that This World is World of Imagination & Vision” and that “The Nature of my work is visionary or imaginative.” belongs to William Blake.布莱克热切得宣布:“我认为人世凡尘是一个充满想象与幻想的世界,我的作品也如人世凡尘一样充满想象与幻觉。

9.“Where intelligence was fallible, limited, the Imagination was our hope of contact with eternal forces, with the whole spiritual world.” was said by William Blake. 布莱克说“当智力不可靠,有限的时候,想象力是我们与永恒的力量及整个精神世界接触的希望“。

阅读理解:

1. “Because I was happy upon the heath,And smil’d among the winter’ s snow;They cloth’ d me in the clothes of death,And taught me to sing the notes of woe.”(From Blake’ s Chimney Sweeper from Songs of Experience)

Questions:

A. What does “heath” indicate?

B. What does “the clothes of death” mean?

C. What idea does the poem reveal?

答案:

A. uncultivated land covered with shrubs.

B. clothes in dark color.

C. the poem reveals the true nature of religion which helps bring misery to the poor children.

问答题:

1.Briefly introduce Blake’ s Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience.

答案:A. The Songs of Innocence (1809) is a lovely volume of poems,presenting a happy and innocent world, though not without its evils and sufferings. (2 分)

B. His Songs of Experience (1794) paints a different world, a world of misery, poverty, disease, war and repression with a melancholy tone. (2分)

C. Childhood is central to Blake’s concern in the Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. (2 分)

文章标题:《自考00604《英美文学选读》复习要点—中英文对照(9)
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