自考00604《英美文学选读》复习要点—中英文对照(11)

原创 四川自考  时间:2022-10-20 08:10:33 阅读 111 次

知识点4 珀西.雪莱(抒情诗《西风颂》)

知识点概览:

1. 珀西.雪莱的主要作品,抒情诗及诗歌风格

2. 诗歌赏析《致英国人民》和《西风颂》

知识点:

1.One of Shelley’ s greatest political lyrics is Men of England which was later to become a rallying song of the British Communist Party.雪莱最著名的政治抒情诗之一是《致英国人民》,这首诗在宪章运动时期成为广大工人的战歌。

2. Shelley’ s political lyricsMen of Englandisnot only a war crycalling upon all working people to rise up against their politicaloppressors, but an address to them pointing out the intolerable injusticeof economic exploitation.雪莱的政治抒情诗《致英国人民》不仅是一种呐喊,呼吁全体劳动人民起来反抗他们的政治压迫者,而且是与他们的对话,指出了对经济剥削无法忍受的不公。

3. “If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?” the quoted line comes from Shelley’sOde to the West Wind.“冬天来了,春天还会远吗?”该行引述来自雪莱的《西风颂》

4.Shelley’s Ode to the West Wind is the best of all the Romanticwell-known lyric pieces. 雪莱的《西风颂》是所有浪漫主义时期著名抒情诗中最好的一

5. InThe Cloud,Shelley created aPlatonic symbol of the spirit of man,a force of beauty and regeneration.在《云》这首诗中,雪莱创造了柏拉图式的人的精神,美丽与再生的力量。

6.Shelley’s greatest achievement is his four-act poetic dramaPrometheus Unbound, which is an exultant work in praise ofhumankind’s potential. 雪莱的最伟大的成就是他的四幕诗剧《解放了的普罗米修斯》,这是赞美人类潜能的佳作。

阅读理解:

1. Wherefore, Bees of England, forge Many a weapon, chain, and scourge,That these stingless drones may spoil The forced produce of your toil?

Questions:

A. Identify the poet and the poem from which the lines are taken.

B. What do you know about the poem’ s writing background?

C. What do you think the poet intends to say in the poem?

答案:

A. Shelley & A Song : Men of England. (1’)

B. This poem was written in 1819, the year of the Peterloo Massacre(彼得卢屠杀). (1’)

C. It is not only a war cry calling upon all working people to rise up against their political oppressors, but an address to them pointing out the intolerable injustice of economic exploitation.( 2’)

2. “Beside a pumice isle in Baiae’s bay,And saw in sleep old palaces and towers Quivering within the wave’s intenser day,All overgrown with azure moss and flowers So sweet, the sense faints picturing them! Thou For whose path the Atlantic’s level powers”(From Shelley’s “ Ode to the West Wind”)

Questions:

A. In what form is the poem written?

B. What does the quotation“ the sense faints picturing them” mean?

C. What idea does Shelley express in this poem?

答案:

A. The terza rima from Shelley derived from his reading of Dante.

B. Seeing the images so beautiful one feel faint to describe them.

C. He eulogizes the powerful west wind and expresses his eagerness to enjoy the boundless freedom from reality.

文章标题:《自考00604《英美文学选读》复习要点—中英文对照(11)
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